Control, Security and Optimization for Smart Grids
The power system is one of the most critical national infrastructures, the security and stability of which is the foundation of social stability and plays a key role on the fast and healthy development of the national economy. As a core module of the online security analysis system, power system state estimation is a major part of modern energy management system.
The pervasive introduction of renewable energy sources (DES), smart meters, electrical vehicles and wide area measurements is posing new challenges to power grids making them “smart”. At the same time, smart grids are highly cross disciplinary and involve control theory, understanding of the electrical grid, market interaction and communication technologies.
This course aims to bridge the gap between power grids operation and control theory to increase the resilience of the physical system against cyber-attacks and faults. The security of a system is as strong as its weakest link. Thus, the scale and complexity of the smart grid provides a natural framework to discuss diverse threats and attacks, and multidisciplinary mitigation approaches. Moreover, the smart grid also represents a prototypical cyber-physical system requiring a recasting of the classical definitions for security to include a cyber-physical context.
1. Brief introduction to Smart Grids and on Power System operations
2. Modelling of Smart Grids
3. Attacks and Defence Mechanism for State Estimation
4. Optimization problems in Smart grids, such as unit commitment and optimal power flow
5. Advances in monitoring and control
Primary source material will be readings in the form of research papers and material provided by the instructor.
Software resources This course contains programming assignments which will be in Matlab.