An Enanched Indoor Positioning System for First Responders
Localization and tracking support is useful in many contexts and becomes crucial in emergency response scenarios: being aware of team location is one of the most important knowledge for incident commander. In this work both localization and tracking for rescuers are addressed in the framework of REFIRE project. The designed positioning system is based on the well- known prediction-correction schema adopted in field robotics. Proprioceptive sensors, i.e., inertial sensors and magnetometer, mounted on the waist of the rescuers, are used to form a coarse estimation of the locations. Due to the drift of inertial sensors, the position estimate needs to be updated by exteroceptive sensors, i.e., RFID system composed by tags embedded in the emergency signs as exteroceptive sensors and a wearable tag-reader. In long-lasting mission RFID tags reset the drift by providing a positioning having room-level accuracy.
- Faramondi, L., Inderst, F., Pascucci, F., Setola, R., Delprato U., “An Enhanced Indoor Positioning System for First Responders”, International Conference on Indoor Positioning and Indoor Navigation (IPIN), Belfort, France, 2013